The Skunk is, doubtless, one of the most widely known and grown cannabis strains worldwide. The Skunk marijuana is a poly hybrid between two Sativa landraces – Colombian Gold and Acapulco Gold – and an Afghani Indica purebred.
Skunk was first bred in the US in the 1970s. This was a critical time for the cannabis industry, especially in America, where growers were beginning to experiment with short, fast-flowering indica varieties from Afghanistan and Pakistan, as well as tall, THC-rich sativas native to Central America.
It’s important to note that the term “skunk” is often used in the wrong context. In the UK, for example, tabloid newspapers and other broadcasters regularly use the term to refer to any kind of THC-rich cannabis. Similarly, in the US, uninformed individuals may refer to any particularly smelly weed as “skunky.”
This legendary cannabis strain was developed during the early 70’s in California by a group of growers and breeders known as Sacred Seeds, leaded by Sam Skunkman.
During this glorious time, selections of thousands of plants were usually performed outdoors. In this way, the best traits of the gene pool were detected and stabilised over the years, according to the criteria that has made the Skunk to become a truly impressive marijuana variety: nice yields, early flowering, nice branching, dense and resinous flowers with few leaves and extraordinary scent.
In the spring of 1985, a heavy-set American landed at Amsterdam’s Schiphol airport with a box of seeds. His name was David Watson. Or as he’d later come to be known – “Sam the Skunkman”.
It was an intriguing event for a number of reasons – one being that, a month earlier, Watson had been arrested in Santa Cruz, California for growing cannabis. Just how he had managed to then make his way over to Amsterdam has led to some dubbing Watson a spook, an undercover DEA spy sent to the Netherlands to infiltrate its burgeoning weed industry.
Collaborations with now legendary Dutch breeders resulted in the Skunk #1 as we know it. To propose that Sam arrived with 100% perfected strains is disingenuous and difficult to believe, not to mention it utterly undermines the contributions of Dutch masters.
Dutch cultivators were experimenting with Indica strains during the same period as the US sativa growers. The fusion of these genetics and most importantly adaptation for indoor cultivation all happened in the Netherlands, not in California.
The 75% sativa to 25% indica hybrid blend was to become the benchmark of quality. Growers fell in love with the fast flowering productive plant with the uniquely pungent odour. Easy to grow even for novices and potent in experienced hands. Since then, Skunk has given birth to countless new hybrids as it’s renowned for being a robust and resilient strain that can produce big harvests in short flowering times, even in the toughest climates.
Skunk buds are big, heavy, and usually covered in a frosty layer of trichomes. They produce a very strong, long-lasting euphoria that many would describe as uplifting and invigorating. At the same time, it produces some subtle physical effects, making for a very well-balanced strain that’s perfect for day and nighttime use.
The success of hybrid strains like Skunk really helped kick the cannabis cultivation movement into gear, and encouraged growers to experiment with breeding new varieties that they’d never seen (or smoked) before. We could literally find hundreds of strains developed from Skunk genetics, or at least with Skunk genes in their gene pool.These include: