What Is Cloning?
There are two ways that you can go about breeding cannabis. The first is through sexual reproduction, where you cross a male plant with a female through pollination in order to create seeds. Those seeds can then be planted to create genetic hybrids of the two parent plants.
The second method is through cloning, otherwise known as asexual reproduction. Clones are rooted cuttings that are genetically identical to the plant they were taken from. There are many benefits to cloning that contribute to its popularity among both commercial and home growers. If executed properly, not only can cloning your cannabis be cost-saving, it has the potential to offer your garden a whole new level of stability and sustainability.
Through cloning, you can create a new harvest with exact replicas of your best performing plants. Because the genetics are identical, you’re getting a plant with the same characteristics, so if you come across a bud you really, really like, you might want to clone the plant it came from so you can produce more buds with the same effects. Consider taking clones from your garden if you are looking to select and replicate plants with desirable features such as flavor, cannabinoid profile, yield, grow time, etc.
When selecting mothers to clone, look for plants that are healthy, sturdy, and about two months into the vegetative cycle. If you cant or don’t want to wait, give it at least three weeks before taking your first cutting — at this point in a plant’s growth phase, your new cuttings will have a stronger chance of rooting.
To successfully root cannabis cuttings, the grower must be willing to experiment in order to discover the custom formula that works for them. Expect to take losses and stack up a cutting kill count before you figure it out. There is no one way to take cuttings and root them. But no matter which method you use, the biological fuel for root development are rooting hormones.
Tips And Tricks For Growing More Roots On Clones
- By cutting the stem at a 45-degree angle before applying rooting hormones, cuttings will develop more roots.
- Lightly scratching the surface underwater, where you are going to be putting the rooting hormone, will help the hormones to better penetrate the stem.
- You can split the stem in half, to expose the cambium layer, just under the “skin” of the stem by cutting the stem lengthwise underwater. This will open up more surface area for the roots to grow from.
Cannabis Rooting Hormones
Giving new cuts any nutrients would be pointless until roots develop as they cannot absorb any mineral content. It could also further the initial shock these poor little branches are going through.
Instead, these new cuts should be dipped in a rooting hormone (gel or powder-based) before being placed into their plugs for rooting. Sometimes it is helpful to create a mild solution of distilled water and vitamin B1 and apply to the plugs to help alleviate any stress the younglings are going through and assist in the rooting process.
The use of rooting hormones will help to speed up the cannabis plants‘ rooting development. Though the cannabis clone cuttings will transmit rooting hormones of its own to the wound, it will naturally take longer to root.
The stem of the clone cutting goes through an amazing transformation in its life when it is developing its roots. The cutting goes from producing green stem cells to manufacturing un-differentiated cells to fabricating root cells to be able to continue living.
There are many varieties of rooting hormones that are available in the marketplace and they range from liquids to gels to powder varieties. The types of hormones that are within these cannabis rooting hormones include napthalenaecetic acid (NAA), indolebutyric acid (IBA) and 2, 4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-DPA).
When you purchase a commercially available rooting hormone they will contain anywhere from one to all of the synthetic hormones along with additional ingredients that help to prevent dampening-off such as a fungicide.
There are some products you can purchase that produce rooting products that utilize cannabis hormones. This type of bacteria helps develop roots and uptake nutrients better.
Application of the rooting hormones differs from one to another so be sure to read the labels on the rooting hormones to assure proper use. If you over apply a rooting hormone you can run the risk of impairing rooting formation in the clones.
When using a liquid rooting hormone, many times they are mixed or diluted before they are applied to the cuttings. In some cases giving the cutting a 5 – 15-second dip into the rooting hormone solution will be enough for the cutting to absorb the concentrated rooting hormones.
When using powder rooting hormones be sure to have the cutting soaked in water so the cutting will be able to gather up as much of the rooting hormone powder as possible. cannabis cloning. This will help to ensure that the powder sticks to all of the areas that will develop the roots.
Cloning gels are a great type of rooting hormones to use, their application and use are very simple. After you have re-cut the clone cutting under water, you will then place the cutting in a cup that contains the cloning gel or even the cloning gel container.
In using the cloning gel, you can cut multiple cuttings and place them all in a container before you plant them. This gives you a place to hold the cuttings while having the time to set up the growing medium that you will be placing the clones into so they can develop their roots.
Cloning gels can further help eliminate the problems of an embolism. Another type of rooting hormone that you can use is an all-natural method since willow tree water contains substances that promote rooting in clones.
It has been found that using willow tree water will have about twenty percent (20%) more clones rooting than compared to using plain water. To make willow water, you will need to use the newer branches that are from this year as they contain the most compounds for rooting.
You will cut off these branches from the tree and chop those down to small 1 – 2 inch lengths. After cutting the branches down to size, you will soak the willow cuttings in a container of water and allow them to soak for about 24 hours.
After 24 hours you will then remove the willow tree branches and use it to start cloning. Sometimes people will even mix willow tree water with other commercially produced rooting hormones to root their cuttings.