Cannabis is a relatively easy plant to propagate. After all, the species has managed to thrive in most of the world’s continents without human intervention. However, there are several pitfalls experienced by many novice cultivators when attempting to create ideal growing conditions for cannabis. These issues usually relate to light, water, airflow, temperature, humidity, nutrients, and pH. Indoor and greenhouse growers run into a clear majority of potential problems with environmental controls, and variances in troubleshooting techniques arise between indoor, greenhouse, and outdoor cultivation operations.
Growers attempt to recreate ideal conditions in efforts to push their plants to their full genetic potential. For novice gardeners, it is important to understand that all cannabis cultivators, no matter how advanced, are after this same goal.
This shouldn’t come as a surprise for anyone who’s ever given cannabis cultivation a shot, but increasing cannabis is tough. Sure, you can usually leave a plant by your window or in a corner of your backyard and possibly it’ll get to flower, but you will virtually surely end up with a handful of larfy, wispy, stem-heavy buds.
If your purpose is to make the sort of chunky, frosted flower you see in magazines (or your favourite dispensary), you are going to have to commit: read some books, buy the necessary gear, and prepare to place in some real work. Increasing cannabis yields is a skill, and like any beneficial ability, it requires intention, seriousness, and effort. Take the method seriously, and you’ll reap the rewards.
But Not That Difficult
When you’ve gotten a harvest or two beneath your belt, you’ll start to find that the components of cannabis cultivation that seemed overwhelming or confusing at initial will begin to come naturally. The varieties of blunders you created early on fade away, and you discover what operates for you.
Of course, if you determine to scale up or take on new increasing tactics, there will be a learning curve. Take them slowly. Tending your garden will turn into second nature. If you’re developing mainly for individual use, you’ll seldom see the bottom of your jar again. As long as you make positive your fundamental equipment is in order and you are determined, your capabilities and harvests will continue to grow.
Start With A Good Strain
You need good genetics to produce good weed. The strain is therefore extremely important. Do you want THC overload, or maybe a bit more CBD? Do you want a fast-growing plant or bigger yields? Sativa or Indica? Regular, photoperiod or feminized?
There’s a lot to consider when getting seeds. If you are unsure, go for variety! You get tired of smoking the same stuff after a while.
Autoflowers vs Photoperiod
There are pros and cons to growing either and I think the choice will have a lot to do with your personal growing style and environment.
Photoperiod plants have one major benefit over Autoflowers, namely “cloning”. By making use of cloning, you can plant one photoperiod plant and never have to plant a seed again. Cloning is the simple process whereby you take a cut from a photoperiod plant with which you create a whole new plant. This is a major benefit and it becomes more beneficial, the larger your grow is.
There are many other pros and cons, but the best way to find out what works for you is to grow both!
Soil is Extremely Important
You need very specific soil for growing marijuana. A soil with good drainage and good water retention is important. If you can also get the initial nutrient requirements in there from the start, it will certainly help too!
Keep A Journal (at least, when you start)
A simple spreadsheet with dates and key events on it will do. This can help you to learn how long plants take to grow in the environment I created, how Autoflowers vary from Photoperiods, how my nutrient schedule affected plants etc. All of this information was crucial in learning to grow weed. If you are just starting off, definitely keep track of what you do. You will be surprised how useful this information becomes.
More Does not Constantly Mean Much better
More strong lights, more nutrients, and a lot more technologies signifies far more flower, correct? Nicely, not necessarily. In truth, pondering “more” can often get you into trouble.
Nutrient burn and nitrogen toxicity, which take place from nutrient overuse, can harm or even ruin an entire crop. Providing your plants as well much light or placing them in proximity to lights that are also strong can damage leaves and compromise plant health. Even overwatering can have nasty consequences, causing root rot. In cannabis cultivation, there’s no cause to go overboard.
As soon as you have identified a process that works for you, stick with it, and only make incremental changes to dial in your procedure.
The Details Matter
There are a multitude of factors that play into cannabis growth and production and several of them will not be right away apparent to the novice grower.
Achievement or failure could come down to anything you by no means deemed, so flexibility, ability to difficulty-resolve, and focus to detail are a must.
Learn LST Early On
LST stands for “Low Stress Training”. It is the simplest and least intrusive method to shape your plant into a more desirable form. LST will help you avoid light burn and stop your plants from collapsing, but it can also improve yields significantly!
LST requires twist tie’s or string that you use to tie down certain branches to the side of the plant container. By tying down the branches, you not only keep the overall height of the plant down to a more manageable level, but you can also keep all colas at the same level. A marijuana plant will naturally have one big cola in the middle as the plant will form the shape of a Christmas tree. LST will allow you to have several colas at the top, which is a sure way to increase yields!
Ask a Pal for Tips
There’s an enormous cannabis neighborhood you can draw on, either in-person or over the world wide web. If you want to maximize your chances of growing a excellent crop, turn into a component of the expanding neighborhood.
No matter what issue you face, many other individuals have inevitably gone via the identical. If you have a query, ask your developing community for help—experience goes a long way. That can imply anything from checking out a message board to stopping by your regional develop shop.
Don’t just cease at getting your query answered, though. Respect the community and understand if you can contribute to it your self. The health and worth of a community is defined by the people in it. Maybe someday you’ll run into somebody with the same difficulty you had, and you will be in a position to hold the cycle going.
Always Be Clean
I can’t stress this enough. Don’t even set up a tent until you have steralized your grow room. It’s absolulutely crucial that your grow room is as clean as a surgeon’s operating room. Failure to do so will result in some or other pest finding its way into your room and onto your plants. Stay clean!
Know when to harvest
The only acceptable way is by using a microscope. Don’t bother relying on any other method. Without a microscope, you cannot see how much THC is in the trichomes. If you cannot see how much there is, you will harvest too early and have super weak weed, or you will harvest too late and have more CBD and less THC (which might not be what you are aiming for). Either way, you need to know exactly, so make sure you have a decent microscope or loupe that can do at least 60x magnification. Ideally ask your local nursery to recommend the best one for plant inspection. You don’t want to go too cheap, otherwise, you will end up just having to buy another one later.
Patience Is Every little thing
The most crucial ingredient in any cannabis harvest is patience. Patience is what tends to make you stick with it by way of the initial challenges, and it is the safeguard to hold you from going overboard with excessive light or nutrients. It also ensures that you take the time to investigate little details like pest, disease, or poor yields, which can be the difference between good results and failure.
And, of course, patience is what you want to keep from jumping the gun and harvesting your crop just before its time. It is straightforward to begin harvesting prior to pistils stop increasing and trichomes go cloudy, or stop curing before it’s ideal, but the handful of added days will prove worth it in the end.
Practice patience and your shot at increasing a successful crop will skyrocket.
With realistic expectations and a little preparation for the challenges you will no doubt encounter, going from seed to harvest can be as fulfilling and rewarding an activity as any you can uncover.