Every marijuana enthusiast knows all they could possibly know about their favorite strain of plant—its color, flavor and high. But what about the seeds? Here are some very interesting facts about cannabis seeds that you should know.
1. Humans and cannabis seeds have a long history together. The oldest known cannabis seeds are 2,700 years old. They were found in a Chinese grave back in 2007. Along with marijuana seeds ancient cannabis bud containing THC and CBD have also been discovered.
2. Hemp seeds were taken on long sea voyages by sailors during the Dutch Golden Age of shipping and naval exploration. If stranded on a deserted island, the sailors could use some of the seeds as a simple but nourishing essential food source and plant the rest, relying on the rapid growth and multiple uses of hemp to fix their ships.
3. Cannabis germination is when the seeds awaken and start to form roots, giving life to the plant. When buying seeds from a seed bank or store, expect a 90 percent germination rate.
4. The best temperature to store cannabis seeds is 5 – 7 degrees centigrade, which is usually the temperature of the door in a domestic refrigerator, handily enough. Cannabis seeds should also be kept perfectly dry to avoid both mould and premature germination.
5. An essential step to cannabis growth is pre-soaking the seeds by layering them with moist tissues until the root of the plant is visible.
6. A single cannabis plant can produce hundreds of, and even over a thousand, cannabis seeds depending on its size and the efficiency of pollination. Some hemp strains are bred to enhance seed production for when seeds are the primary crop.
7. According to online seed bank, “Kind Seed,” cannabis seeds can be stored for years without impacting the quality of the plant. Just make sure the seeds are stored in a dry, dark and cool place in airtight containers.
8. Although the entire marijuana plant can be compressed to make hemp oil, according to the Journal of International Hemp Association, cannabis seeds make the best hemp oil containing the legal requirement of 0.3% THC.
9. Cannabis seeds contain a near-perfect balance of the essential fatty acids Omega 3, 6 and 9. These are vital to human health and cannot be produced by the body. It is better to eat hemp seeds than cannabis seeds as the former are a lot cheaper, and there is no difference in the EFA content of the seeds – just the THC content of the plants they produce.
10. The legality of marijuana seeds varies between countries, so it is important to familiarize yourself with local and state laws before purchasing seeds. Distributors may also be made examples of, like the case of Mark Emery in 2010, a Vancouver-based marijuana seed distributor who was extradited to the United States and served four years in prison for selling seeds internationally.
11. Cannabis seeds are usually around the size of a match-head, but can vary by variety from not much larger than a tomato seed to as big as a small pea. The size of the seed is no indication of the size (or vitality) of the cannabis plant that will grow from it.
12. Feminized cannabis seeds are preconditioned to become (most commonly) female plants that allow an easier grow and higher yield. However in modern day cultivation, most grows start with a cloning process that takes the node of the plant and grows a new plant with the same genetics as the parent with no germination process.
13. Hemp seeds are a common ingredient in bird food, and there is a urban legend of accidental crops caused by someone – usually a grandmother – emptying the bird food bowl at the bottom of the garden and then being arrested six months later for the flourishing plants they were unwittingly growing.
14. The Scythians were the ancient race who gave their name to the scythe thanks to their use of these curve-bladed tools to harvest their crops, including hemp. Some of their religious rites incorporated hemp seeds, which they threw onto smouldering fires inside small tents where they sat inhaling and bathing in the fumes.
15. There is no visible difference between regular cannabis seeds, feminized cannabis seeds, autoflowering cannabis seeds, and seeds for growing industrial hemp plants. For this reason, always buy your cannabis seeds from a reputable seed bank so you definitely know what you’re getting.
[Updated, originally published 20.9. 2017]